Wind

WIND ENERGY

Wind is the movement of air and is due to uneven heating of the earth’s surface by the sun and the movement of air to reduce these heating changes. The winds that circle the earth are created because the earth’s equator is heated more than the North and South Poles. Wind energy is a renewable energy
source because the wind is endless. Wind energy can be converted to electricity using the blades of the windmill to rotate the shaft of an electric generator and produce electricity. This electricity is generated without greenhouse gas emissions such as carbon dioxide.

Wind is the movement of air and is due to uneven heating of the earth’s surface by the sun and the movement of air to reduce these heating changes. The winds that circle the earth are created because the earth’s equator is heated more than the North and South Poles. Wind energy is a renewable energy

source because the wind is endless. Wind energy can be converted to electricity using the blades of the windmill to rotate the shaft of an electric generator and produce electricity. This electricity is generated without greenhouse gas emissions such as carbon dioxide.

Wind Energy is the best developed and most cost effective renewable energy source now available. The Reservation of Confederated Tribes of the Goshute has enough wind resources to generate several megawatts (million watts) of electricity each year. This amount of electricity could supply thousands of homes each with 1,000 watts of electricity. The sale of the electricity from one windmill generating a million watts of electricity at 4 cents per kilowatt‐hour would result in more than $400,000 each year. If four such windmills are placed on the Reservation, the electricity could produce over $1 million each year accounting for the efficiency of the turbines.

Before wind can be harnessed for power, it must be studied for 2 to 3 years. Anemometer towers will be
constructed in four locations on the reservation to measure wind speed, direction and air temperature. Once a good wind location is identified, four workers would be required to construct each windmill. Since windmills require very little maintenance and repair, a single technician could oversee the
operation of all of the windmills. To begin the development of windmills at the Reservation, a careful survey of the land and measurements with wind monitoring equipment is necessary to insure that the windmills are properly located. Also the windmills must be interconnected with electric power transmission lines.

This early development activity for the windmills would require about a year and several technicians to account for the seasonal behavior of the wind at each windmill site. Then a single windmill would be sited and built and electric power output from this windmill could be used to supply electricity for residents and other development activities on the Reservation. If this first windmill is successful, additional windmills could provide power to others.

Average Timeline for Wind Energy Development

Site Assessment
Surveying and Monitoring ‐ (3 months)

Permitting
Applications to BIA and other federal and state agencies Preparation of the EIS (1 year)

Construction Excavation
,
foundation placement,
Windmill construction
Generation and transmission equipment installation (2 years)
Testing and safety qualifications (2 months)

Operation
Testing and Certification for operation

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